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Plasticity in Ca²⁺ Selectivity of Orai1/Orai3 Heteromeric Channel
Rainer Schindl, Irene Frischauf, Judith Bergsmann, Martin Muik, Isabella Derler, Barbara Lackner, Klaus Groschner and Christoph Romanin
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Vol. 106, No. 46 (Nov. 17, 2009), pp. 19623-19628
Published by: National Academy of Sciences
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/25593242
Page Count: 6
You can always find the topics here!Topics: Calcium, Hepatocytes, Electric potential, T lymphocytes, Mast cells, Pipettes, Perfusion, Epidermal cells, Fluorescence, Amino acids
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A general cellular response following depletion of intracellular calcium stores involves activation of store-operated channels (SOCs). While Orai1 forms the native Ca²⁺ release-activated Ca²⁺ (CRAC) channel in mast and T cells, the molecular architecture of less Ca²⁺ selective SOCs is insufficiently defined. Here we present evidence that diminished Ca²⁺ selectivity and robust Cs⁺ permeation together with a reduced fast inactivation are characteristics of heteromeric Orai1 and Orai3 channels in contrast to their homomeric forms. The first extracellular loop of these Orai isoforms differs by two aspartates replacing glutamates that affect the selectivity. Co-expression of an Orai3 mutant that mimicked the first loop of Orai1 with either Orai1 or Orai3 recovered or decreased Ca²⁺ selectivity, respectively. Heteromeric Orai1/3 protein assembly provides a concept for less Ca²⁺-selective SOCs.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America © 2009 National Academy of Sciences