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Homicide Rates in a Cross-Section of Countries: Evidence and Interpretations

Julio H. Cole and Andrés Marroquín Gramajo
Population and Development Review
Vol. 35, No. 4 (Dec., 2009), pp. 749-776
Published by: Population Council
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/25593685
Page Count: 28
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Homicide Rates in a Cross-Section of Countries: Evidence and Interpretations
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Abstract

This study uses a regression analysis to explore the cross-country variation in homicide rates for a large sample of countries. It starts by identifying seven significant regional variables, to which traditional socioeconomic, cultural, and institutional variables are added and tested. The importance of institutions, culture, and other factors affecting homicide rates is discussed. One unexpected finding is a curious relationship between the level of education and homicide rates: while an increase in male education tends to reduce homicide rates, an increase in female education tends to increase homicides. Several possible interpretations for this phenomenon are proposed. The study points to relatively unexplored areas of research in order to better understand homicide variation around the world.

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