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Journal Article

The "Policy of Aggressive Civilization" and Projects of Governance in Roman Catholic Industrial Schools for Native Peoples in Canada, 1870-95

Derek G. Smith
Anthropologica
Vol. 43, No. 2 (2001), pp. 253-271
DOI: 10.2307/25606039
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/25606039
Page Count: 19
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The "Policy of Aggressive Civilization" and Projects of Governance in Roman Catholic Industrial Schools for Native Peoples in Canada, 1870-95
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Abstract

The earliest of Canada's post-Confederation residential industrial schools for Native people are examined in light of "the Post-Foucauldian Theory of Governance," which is derived from Foucault's later work on practices governing. John L. Tobias' analysis of the periodization of Canadian policy towards aboriginal peoples is re-examined through this optic. This theoretically oriented analysis identifies three "projects of governance," which are examined in historical detail. Links of Canada's policy for residential schools are traced to the U.S. Peace Policy and other sources, and the roles of the Canadian federal government and Roman Catholic missions are re-examined. /// Cet article examine les premières écoles résidentielles pour les peuples aborigènes après la Confédération au Canada à la lumière de "la théorie de la gouvernance post-foucaldienne," dérivée des derniers ouvrages de Foucault sur les pratiques de gouvernement. L'analyse qu'a faite Philippe Tobuas de la périodisation de la politique canadienne envers les peuples aboriginaux est réexaminée dans cette optique. Cette analyse identifie trois "projets de gouvernance" dont elle examine les situation historiques en détail. On trace des connections entre la politique des écoles résidentielles au Canada et la "politique de paix" américaine ainsi que d'autres sources, de plus les rôles du gouvernement fédéral canadien et des missions catholiques sont scrutés.

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