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The Presidio System in Spanish Florida 1565-1763

Ronald Wayne Childers
Historical Archaeology
Vol. 38, No. 3, Presidios of the North American Spanish Borderlands (2004), pp. 24-32
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/25617178
Page Count: 9
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The Presidio System in Spanish Florida 1565-1763
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Abstract

The Spanish founded at least 16 presidios in Florida, the first at San Agustín in 1565 and the last in Pensacola in 1756. Until 1698, there were no presidios west of the Apalachicola River. Beginning in that year and continuing into the early-18th century, the Spanish founded multiple presidios at Pensacola Bay and at St. Joseph's Bay. When the Spanish ceded Florida to the British in the Treaty of Paris (1763), which ended the Seven Years' War and exchanged all of Florida for Havana, only three presidios remained: San Agustín, Pensacola, and San Marcos.

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