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La Ciudad de San Agustín: A European Fighting Presidio in Eighteenth-Century "La Florida"

Carl D. Halbirt
Historical Archaeology
Vol. 38, No. 3, Presidios of the North American Spanish Borderlands (2004), pp. 33-46
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/25617179
Page Count: 14
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La Ciudad de San Agustín: A European Fighting Presidio in Eighteenth-Century "La Florida"
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Abstract

Spain's claim to "La Florida" during the 18th century depended on its ability to maintain control of its capital, San Agustín. To ensure that the city survived the onslaughts of English-led or English-supported excursions, the Spanish erected an elaborate defense system. The system consisted of forts, earthen lines and bastions, blockhouses, sentry lookouts, and Native American and African perimeter settlements. The cornerstone of the colonial-walled city was Castillo de San Marcos. Historical events are used to understand the development of the presidio and how both the built environment of the community and the material culture of its residents were modified as a consequence of military policies and strategies.

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