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Seneca Village and Little Africa: Two African American Communities in Antebellum New York City
Diana diZerega Wall, Nan A. Rothschild and Cynthia Copeland
Vol. 42, No. 1, Living in Cities Revisited: Trends in Nineteenth- and Twentieth-Century Urban Archaeology (2008), pp. 97-107
Published by: Society for Historical Archaeology
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/25617485
Page Count: 11
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African Americans in antebellum New York City followed several different residence strategies in the face of ongoing discrimination. Most lived in enclaves, dispersed throughout poorer neighborhoods that were by no means primarily black. One such enclave was Little Africa. Some lived separately in places like Seneca Village, an African American community just outside of town. This study compares the residents of these two neighborhoods and suggests that the members of these groups were quite different from each other in a number of ways. Aggregation of these differences suggests that the groups represent different socioeconomic classes. This finding runs counter to the views of many commentators and scholars (including archaeologists) who talk about the "African American community," implying that the African American population formed (and forms) a homogeneous whole.
Historical Archaeology © 2008 Society for Historical Archaeology