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Journal Article

People and Organizational Culture: A Profile Comparison Approach to Assessing Person-Organization Fit

Charles A. O'Reilly III, Jennifer Chatman and David F. Caldwell
The Academy of Management Journal
Vol. 34, No. 3 (Sep., 1991), pp. 487-516
Published by: Academy of Management
Stable URL:
Page Count: 30
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This article brings together three current themes in organizational behavior: (1) a renewed interest in assessing person-situation interactional constructs, (2) the quantitative assessment of organizational culture, and (3) the application of "Q-sort," or template-matching, approaches to assessing person-situation interactions. Using longitudinal data from accountants and M.B.A. students and cross-sectional data from employees of government agencies and public accounting firms, we developed and validated an instrument for assessing person-organization fit, the Organizational Culture Profile (OCP). Results suggest that the dimensionality of individual preferences for organizational cultures and the existence of these cultures are interpretable. Further, person-organization fit predicts job satisfaction and organizational commitment a year after fit was measured and actual turnover after two years. This evidence attests to the importance of understanding the fit between individuals' preferences and organizational cultures.

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