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LA CONTROVERSIA DE LIMITES ENTRE COSTA RICA Y NICARAGUA. EL LAUDO CLEVELAND Y LOS DERECHOS CANALEROS 1821–1903

Hugo Murillo Jiménez
Anuario de Estudios Centroamericanos
Vol. 12, No. 2 (1986), pp. 45-58
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/25661897
Page Count: 14
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Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
LA CONTROVERSIA DE LIMITES ENTRE COSTA RICA Y NICARAGUA. EL LAUDO CLEVELAND Y LOS DERECHOS CANALEROS 1821–1903
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Abstract

La definición de sus límites fue tarea prioritaria de la política exterior costarricense desde el siglo XIX. Por ello el país se vio envuelto en serias controversias con sus vecinos. La disputa con Nicaragua se debió a la indefinición del límite propiamente dicho, a los mutuos reclamos del territorio del Guanacaste y a la cuestión de los derechos canaleros. La coincidencia del territorio en disputa con una posible ruta canalera despertó el interés de las grandes potencias, en especial de Estados Unidos. En 1888 este país medió en la disputa. El Laudo Cleveland de ese año ratificó la validez del Tratado Cañas-Jerez de 1858, consolidó la posesión del Guanacaste por Costa Rica y fijó las bases para la demarcación definitiva del límite Costa Rica-Nicaragua. Sin embargo, no definió satisfactoriamente los derechos canaleros de cada país. One of Costa Rica's major foreign policy concerns in the mid 1800s was the establishment of its territorial limits. This concern led it into serious disputes with both Nicaragua and Colombia. Disputes with the former included the lack of definition of the border itself, the conflicting claims to Guanacaste and the issue of canal rights. The fact that the territory in dispute coincided with a proposed interoceanic canal route attracted the attention of the great powers-especiallty the United States. Mediation by this country led, en 1888, to the Cleveland Award, which ratified the Cañas-Jerez Treaty of 1858, validated Costa Rica's control of Guanacaste and set the legal bases for the eventual demarcation of the border between the two countries. It did not, however, satisfactory define either country's canal rights.

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