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A MULTIVARIATE ANALYSIS OF THE FRISTOE BURIAL COMPLEX IN SOUTHWESTERN MISSOURI

Rain Vehik
Plains Anthropologist
Vol. 22, No. 76, Part 1 (May 1977), pp. 123-132
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/25667375
Page Count: 10
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A MULTIVARIATE ANALYSIS OF THE FRISTOE BURIAL COMPLEX IN SOUTHWESTERN MISSOURI
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Abstract

This paper presents the result of an analysis of 24 burial mounds and cairns in southwest Missouri. All of the sites belong to the Fristoe Burial Complex with an estimated age of A. D. 500 to A.D. 1000. Data selected for analysis consisted of 41 traits distributed in varying numbers among the sites. In order to observe relationships between sites, a Q-type factor analysis was used. An orthogonal rotation yielded five factors. Three factors are discussed. Factors 2 and 5 are not discussed because of the small number of sites explained by them. Factor 1 loads heavily on eight sites and Factors 3 and 4 each on seven sites. Seventeen of the 24 sites are explained by the three factors which are hypothesized to represent three distinct temporal groupings. Factor 1 is thought to depict a late grouping based on trade relationships between the Gulf Coast and the Ozark Highlands. Factor 4 appears to be a grouping of Late Woodland elements, and Factor 3 possibly represents a set of Mississippian and Late Woodland elements. Results of the analysis allow us to hypothesize three temporal groupings within the Fristoe Burial Complex. The results further indicate that factor analysis can be used as a technique to order archeological materials and generate hypotheses.

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