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AN ANALYSIS OF THE PALEOINDIAN DOUBLE BURIAL FROM HORN SHELTER NO. 2, IN CENTRAL TEXAS

Diane Young, Suzanne Patrick and D. Gentry Steele
Plains Anthropologist
Vol. 32, No. 117 (August 1987), pp. 275-298
Published by: Maney Publishing on behalf of the Plains Anthropological Society
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/25668694
Page Count: 24
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AN ANALYSIS OF THE PALEOINDIAN DOUBLE BURIAL FROM HORN SHELTER NO. 2, IN CENTRAL TEXAS
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Abstract

In 1970 a Paleoindian double burial, comprised of an adult and child, was recovered from Horn Shelter Number 2, in central Texas. Radiocarbon dates indicate this burial dates to between 9,000 and 10,000 years ago. The skeletons, which are relatively complete and well-preserved, were accompanied by numerous grave goods including red ochre, marine shell beads, antler billets, and intentionally cleaned turtle carapaces. The adult was male and in his mid 30's to early 40's at the time of his death. The child is estimated to have been approximately 12 years of age and was probably male. With the exception of a healed fractured metatarsal, there is no evidence of traumatic injury on either individual. Both individuals have evidence of minor infections in their maxillary sinuses. In attempts to place this skeletal material into an interpretable context, it was compared to the sample of other Paleoindian age skeletal material and a regional sample consisting of more recent aboriginal skeletal material from central Texas. The size of the Paleoindian sample precluded any definitive statements. There were no significant differences between the Horn individuals and later central Texas populations based on the sample used in this study.

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