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PREFORMS IN FOLSOM LITHIC TECHNOLOGY: A VIEW FROM BLACKWATER DRAW, NEW MEXICO

Anthony T. Boldurian and Susanne M. Hubinsky
Plains Anthropologist
Vol. 39, No. 150 (November 1994), pp. 445-464
Published by: Maney Publishing on behalf of the Plains Anthropological Society
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/25669290
Page Count: 20
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PREFORMS IN FOLSOM LITHIC TECHNOLOGY: A VIEW FROM BLACKWATER DRAW, NEW MEXICO
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Abstract

Conservation of lithic raw materials, multifunctional stone tools, tool curation, and technological efficiency are concepts used in contemporary examinations of Folsom. Along with traditional analyses, they focus on the organization of lithic technology in forming reconstructions of Folsom lifeways. This paper examines Judge's (1973) idea that production of preforms, not projectile points, was the intent of Folsom biface manufacture. Judge maintained that preforms were effective implements in Folsom subsistence before being converted into projectiles. This paper also explores the importance in Folsom technology of recycling old tools to meet new functions. Broken points and other products of staged biface reduction were sometimes reshaped into end scrapers. Recycling of preforms into projectiles fits the view of lithic technology as an efficient and conservative system for highly mobile Folsom groups. Data from Blackwater Draw are used to evaluate this process for Folsom groups which occupied interior areas of the Southern Plains.

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