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THEY HAVE A ROCK THAT BLEEDS: SUNRISE RED OCHRE AND ITS EARLY PALEOINDIAN OCCURRENCE AT THE HELL GAP SITE, WYOMING

Kenneth B. Tankersley, Kevin O. Tankersley, Nelson R. Shaffer, Marc D. Hess, John S. Benz, F. Rudolf Turner, Michael D. Stafford, George M. Zeimens and George C. Frison
Plains Anthropologist
Vol. 40, No. 152 (May 1995), pp. 185-194
Published by: Maney Publishing on behalf of the Plains Anthropological Society
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/25669335
Page Count: 10
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THEY HAVE A ROCK THAT BLEEDS: SUNRISE RED OCHRE AND ITS EARLY PALEOINDIAN OCCURRENCE AT THE HELL GAP SITE, WYOMING
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Abstract

Early Paleoindians mined specular and earthy hematite (henceforth known as Sunrise red ochre) at the Powars II site, Platte County, Wyoming. Sunrise red ochre has a distinctive mineralogy, chemical composition, and bioinclusions in comparison to other sources of red ochre. Artifactual red ochre from the pre-Folsom levels at the Hell Gap site compares favorably with the physical, chemical, and biological properties of Sunrise red ochre. These new data allow the identification of examples of Sunrise red ochre from other Early Paleoindian contexts. In doing so, we also may perceive associated economic and ideological aspects of Early Paleoindian lifeways.

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