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The Marion Great Bend Aspect Sites: Floodplain Settlement on the Plains

Donna C. Roper
Plains Anthropologist
Vol. 47, No. 180 (February 2002), pp. 17-32
Published by: Maney Publishing on behalf of the Plains Anthropological Society
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/25669748
Page Count: 16
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Abstract

The settlement pattern of the Great Bend aspect site group at Marion, Kansas includes both floodplain and upland sites and has always been considered something of an enigma. Recent studies show that sites are linearly arranged and are strung along a natural levee and bluff edge where the bluff is near the river. Access to large expanses of soil suitable for cultivation with a bone hoe technology is the key to understanding the settlement pattern, however. The Marion group settlement pattern is similar to that of the Lower Walnut focus sites and both are reminiscent of Mississippian settlement patterns in the Southeast. The settlement pattern of the Little River focus sites is somewhat different and it is this group that poses the real Great Bend aspect settlement pattern enigma.

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