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GOVERNANCE DELLA TERRA, DIRITTI DI CITTADINANZA E SVILUPPO RURALE IN AFRICA AUSTRALE

Mario Zamponi
Africa: Rivista trimestrale di studi e documentazione dell'Istituto italiano per l'Africa e l'Oriente
Anno 62, No. 1 (Marzo 2007), pp. 54-77
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/25734426
Page Count: 24
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GOVERNANCE DELLA TERRA, DIRITTI DI CITTADINANZA E SVILUPPO RURALE IN AFRICA AUSTRALE
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Abstract

This article intends to analyse and discuss, from an historical point of view, the main characteristics of the debate concerning the land question and the current initiatives of land reform in Southern Africa. In particular the following issues will be presented and discussed: the question of the access to the land (and in specific the debate about private property and communal tenure) in relation to the broader question of the development of rural communities; the debate about possible transformations of land rights, of land tenure, and of land markets; the relation, within the context of the development discourse, between land reform programmes, governance of land, and the needs of improving citizenship rights for rural people and of alleviating poverty by empowering local people to participate to the processes of development. Cet article veut présenter et discuter, de un point de vue historique, les caractéristiques principales du débat concernant la question foncière et les initiatives de reforme foncière qui sont en cours en Afrique australe. En particulier on discutera les questions suivantes: la question de l'accès è la terre (avec une attention particulière au débat entre propriété privée et accès communautaire) en rapport è la question plus général du développement des communautés rurales; le débat sur les possibles transformations des droits fonciers, des régimes fonciers et des marchés de la terre; la relation, dans le contexte de la discussion sur le développement, entre les programmes de reforme foncière, la gouvernance de la terre et les exigences de renforcer les droits de citoyenneté des populations rurales et de réduction de la pauvreté à travers un processus de empowerment des populations locales à fin qu'elles puissent participer aux processus de développement.

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