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Evaluation of Coastal Erosion Hazards Study: An Overview
Mark Crowell, Howard Leikin and Michael K. Buckley
Journal of Coastal Research
Special Issue NO. 28. Coastal Erosion Mapping and Management (Spring 1999), pp. 2-9
Published by: Coastal Education & Research Foundation, Inc.
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/25736179
Page Count: 8
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The National Flood Insurance Reform Act (NFIRA) was passed into law on September 23, 1994. Section 577 of the Act (entitled "Evaluation of Erosion Hazards") requires that the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) conduct a study that evaluates the impact of erosion and erosion mapping on coastal communities and on the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP). The "Evaluation of Erosion Hazards" study is being conducted in two phases. In Phase I FEMA mapped 60-year erosion hazard areas in 27 counties distributed among 18 coastal and Great Lakes states. In Phase II, FEMA will: (a) conduct an inventory of structures that are located within the 60-year erosion hazard areas and current and projected flood zones; (b) conduct an economic impact analysis of erosion and erosion mapping and its impact on the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP) and on coastal communities; and (c) determine whether it is cost-beneficial for FEMA to map erosion hazard areas. The results of this study will provide a quantitative basis for evaluating the impact of erosion and erosion mapping on coastal communities and on the NFIP. The final report will be submitted to Congress in January 2000.
Journal of Coastal Research © 1999 Coastal Education & Research Foundation, Inc.