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Goal Orientations and Illegal Behavior among Juveniles

John P. Clark and Eugene P. Wenninger
Social Forces
Vol. 42, No. 1 (Oct., 1963), pp. 49-59
Published by: Oxford University Press
DOI: 10.2307/2574944
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2574944
Page Count: 11
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Goal Orientations and Illegal Behavior among Juveniles
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Abstract

This study of goal orientations among juveniles in four types of communities-rural farm, upper urban, lower urban, industrial city-examines two conflicting theories about illegal behavior: (1) that it is due largely to the pursuit of goals peculiar to the lower class and (2) that it is provoked by unequal chances of attaining goals which are essentially similar for all classes. The findings indicate, among other things, that both viewpoints have merit, i.e., major goal orientations are rather similar in nature throughout society, but significant differences in their distribution are found in various communities.

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