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Parental Education and Child Health: Evidence from a Natural Experiment in Taiwan

Shin-Yi Chou, Jin-Tan Liu, Michael Grossman and Ted Joyce
American Economic Journal: Applied Economics
Vol. 2, No. 1 (January 2010), pp. 33-61
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/25760192
Page Count: 29
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Parental Education and Child Health: Evidence from a Natural Experiment in Taiwan
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Abstract

In 1968, the Taiwanese government extended compulsory education from 6 to 9 years and opened over 150 new junior high schools at a differential rate among regions. Within each region, we exploit variations across cohorts in new junior high school openings to construct an instrument for schooling, and employ it to estimate the causal effects of mother's or father's schooling on infant birth outcomes in the years 1978–1999. Parents' schooling does cause favorable infant health outcomes. The increase in schooling associated with the reform saved almost 1 infant life in 1,000 live births.

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