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Transport and Regional Development in Argentina: Structural Deficiencies and Patterns of Network Evolution

David J. Keeling
Yearbook. Conference of Latin Americanist Geographers
Vol. 19 (1993), pp. 25-34
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/25765782
Page Count: 10
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Transport and Regional Development in Argentina: Structural Deficiencies and Patterns of Network Evolution
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Abstract

Structural deficiencies in the evolution of Argentina's transport network have played an important role in the creation and perpetuation of regional inequalities. In this paper, the relationship between transport network evolution and regional development is examined from the Inca period to the present, with a specific focus on Northwest Argentina. The paper argues that deficiencies in transport development have exacerbated the economic and social bifurcation of Argentina into an advanced coastal zone and an underdeveloped interior. The geohistorical analysis also suggests a general pattern of transport network evolution that may be widely applicable in Latin America. Las deficiencias estructurales de la evolución de la red de transporte argentina desempeñan un papel importante en la creación y la perpetuación de desigualdades regionales. El presente estudio examina la relación entre la evolución de la red de transporte y el desarrollo regional argentino desde la época incaico al presente, con énfasis específico al noroeste del país. El trabajo sostiene que las deficiencias del desarrollo de transporte intensificaron la bifurcación socioeconómica de Argentina, y que esta creó dos zonas: la costa avanzada y el interior subdesarrollado. También, el análisis geohistórico indica un modelo general de la evolución de la red de transporte que se podría aplicar más extensamente a toda la gran región de América Latina.

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