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Parental and Peer Influence on Adolescents

Bruce J. Biddle, Barbara J. Bank and Marjorie M. Marlin
Social Forces
Vol. 58, No. 4 (Jun., 1980), pp. 1057-1079
Published by: Oxford University Press
DOI: 10.2307/2577313
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2577313
Page Count: 23
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Parental and Peer Influence on Adolescents
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Abstract

Prior studies have come to various conclusions about the relative impact of parents and peers on adolescent behavior. Such studies have measured a wide variety of events that are presumed to indicate parental and peer pressures on adolescents and have presumed various ways in which adolescents might be affected by those pressures. It is here suggested that: (1) parents and peers may influence adolescents through two different processes-the expression of normative standards, or the modeling of behaviors; (2) adolescents may respond to such pressures directly or by internalizing norms or preferences for conduct; and (3) pressures, norms, and preferences have different effects on adolescent behavior depending on the topic of behavior considered. These propositions are supported with findings concerning adolescent drinking and school achievement. Among other conclusions, peers are more likely to influence adolescents through modeling, while parental influence is more strongly exerted through norms.

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