Access

You are not currently logged in.

Access your personal account or get JSTOR access through your library or other institution:

login

Log in to your personal account or through your institution.

Sex and Race in the Determinants of Psychophysical Distress: A Reappraisal of the Sex-Role Hypothesis

Barbara F. Reskin and Shelley Coverman
Social Forces
Vol. 63, No. 4 (Jun., 1985), pp. 1038-1059
Published by: Oxford University Press
DOI: 10.2307/2578606
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2578606
Page Count: 22
  • Download ($42.00)
  • Subscribe ($19.50)
  • Cite this Item
Sex and Race in the Determinants of Psychophysical Distress: A Reappraisal of the Sex-Role Hypothesis
Preview not available

Abstract

To explain women's higher rates of psychological distress, researchers often argue that sex roles differentially expose the sexes to variables associated with distress or render women and men unequally vulnerable to role-related stress. To test these claims, we use National Center for Health Statistics data on physical symptoms of distress, collected during physical examinations for 6,672 adults. Using multiple regression, we assess the independent effects of marital status, employment, occupation, income, and age. The sex-specific analyses reveal several significant race interactions but very few significant sex differences. We cannot reject the null hypothesis that men and women are equally affected by paid employment. Rather, our results suggest that the sexes are differently exposed to sex-role related stress through different risks of disrupted marriages, unemployment and low income.

Page Thumbnails

  • Thumbnail: Page 
1038
    1038
  • Thumbnail: Page 
1039
    1039
  • Thumbnail: Page 
1040
    1040
  • Thumbnail: Page 
1041
    1041
  • Thumbnail: Page 
1042
    1042
  • Thumbnail: Page 
1043
    1043
  • Thumbnail: Page 
1044
    1044
  • Thumbnail: Page 
1045
    1045
  • Thumbnail: Page 
1046
    1046
  • Thumbnail: Page 
1047
    1047
  • Thumbnail: Page 
1048
    1048
  • Thumbnail: Page 
1049
    1049
  • Thumbnail: Page 
1050
    1050
  • Thumbnail: Page 
1051
    1051
  • Thumbnail: Page 
1052
    1052
  • Thumbnail: Page 
1053
    1053
  • Thumbnail: Page 
1054
    1054
  • Thumbnail: Page 
1055
    1055
  • Thumbnail: Page 
1056
    1056
  • Thumbnail: Page 
1057
    1057
  • Thumbnail: Page 
1058
    1058
  • Thumbnail: Page 
1059
    1059