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A Macrosociological Analysis of Native Indian Fertility in Canada: 1961, 1971, and 1981

Frank Trovato
Social Forces
Vol. 66, No. 2 (Dec., 1987), pp. 463-485
Published by: Oxford University Press
DOI: 10.2307/2578750
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2578750
Page Count: 23
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A Macrosociological Analysis of Native Indian Fertility in Canada: 1961, 1971, and 1981
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Abstract

This study examines available data on one of Canada's leading Aboriginal groups, Native Indians. Five hypotheses are evaluated concerning their fertility trends over time and differences with respect to Others (women of all other ethnic origins) in Canada: (1) the modernity thesis of fertility decline; (2) the fertility-enhancing effect of modernization thesis; (3) the characteristics-assimilation hypothesis of fertility; (4) the minority-status insecurities hypothesis; and (5) the pronatalist subculture thesis. Results from descriptive and multivariate analyses provide strong support for Hypotheses (1), (2), (3), and (5), but no support for Hypothesis (4). In substantive terms, the findings suggest that while modernization generally implies long-term declines in Native Indian fertility, their above average levels of reproduction are likely to persist for a considerable length of time, mostly as a function of the pronatalist subculture of Natives and the discontinuous nature of the modernization process.

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