Access

You are not currently logged in.

Access your personal account or get JSTOR access through your library or other institution:

login

Log in to your personal account or through your institution.

Measures of Sex Differences in Scientific Productivity

J. Scott Long
Social Forces
Vol. 71, No. 1 (Sep., 1992), pp. 159-178
Published by: Oxford University Press
DOI: 10.2307/2579971
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2579971
Page Count: 20
  • Download ($42.00)
  • Subscribe ($19.50)
  • Cite this Item
Measures of Sex Differences in Scientific Productivity
Preview not available

Abstract

Satisfactory and robust explanations of sex differences in scientific productivity remain elusive. This article provides a multidimensional, longitudinal description of the productivity of male and female biochemists. Several findings have implications for explaining differences in productivity. Sex differences in the numbers of publications and citations increase during the first decade of the career but are reversed later in the career. The lower productivity of females results from their overrepresentation among nonpublishers and their underrepresentation among the extremely productive. Among biochemists who publish, differences cannot be explained by patterns of collaboration, which are nearly identical for males and females, with one exception: females are much more likely to collaborate with a spouse. The smaller number of citations received by females results from their fewer publications, not from the quality of their publications. Papers by females on average receive more citations than those by males. These and other findings suggest future directions for research to understand sex differences in scientific productivity.

Page Thumbnails

  • Thumbnail: Page 
[159]
    [159]
  • Thumbnail: Page 
160
    160
  • Thumbnail: Page 
161
    161
  • Thumbnail: Page 
162
    162
  • Thumbnail: Page 
163
    163
  • Thumbnail: Page 
164
    164
  • Thumbnail: Page 
165
    165
  • Thumbnail: Page 
166
    166
  • Thumbnail: Page 
167
    167
  • Thumbnail: Page 
168
    168
  • Thumbnail: Page 
169
    169
  • Thumbnail: Page 
170
    170
  • Thumbnail: Page 
171
    171
  • Thumbnail: Page 
172
    172
  • Thumbnail: Page 
173
    173
  • Thumbnail: Page 
174
    174
  • Thumbnail: Page 
175
    175
  • Thumbnail: Page 
176
    176
  • Thumbnail: Page 
177
    177
  • Thumbnail: Page 
178
    178