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Extremely Disadvantaged Neighborhoods and Urban Crime

Lauren J. Krivo and Ruth D. Peterson
Social Forces
Vol. 75, No. 2 (Dec., 1996), pp. 619-648
Published by: Oxford University Press
DOI: 10.2307/2580416
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2580416
Page Count: 30
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Extremely Disadvantaged Neighborhoods and Urban Crime
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Abstract

Drawing on Wilson (1987), this article assesses two hypotheses concerning the relationship between neighborhood disadvantage and crime: (1) extremely disadvantaged neighborhoods have unusually high rates of crime; and (2) local structural disadvantage is equally important in influencing crime in black and white neighborhoods. Hence, racial differences in structural disadvantage account for black-white differences in crime across communities. To test these hypotheses, we examine 1990 census and crime data for local areas in the city of Columbus, Ohio. The analysis lends substantial support for both arguments, particularly for the influence of structural disadvantage on violent crime.

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