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Pathways to Voluntarism: Family Socialization and Status Transmission Models

Thomas Janoski and John Wilson
Social Forces
Vol. 74, No. 1 (Sep., 1995), pp. 271-292
Published by: Oxford University Press
DOI: 10.2307/2580632
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2580632
Page Count: 22
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Pathways to Voluntarism: Family Socialization and Status Transmission Models
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Abstract

Participation in voluntary associations is usually explained by a Weberian theory that uses human capital variables; however, Durkheimian theory suggests the importance of parental socialization and family status variables. Using a three-wave panel study, this article models the changes in social participation that people experience while moving from high school to parenthood. Voluntary participation is accounted for in part by the transmission of socioeconomic status, but family socialization through example and value modeling are often more important. When self-oriented (occupation and profession) and community-oriented (service, church, community, fraternal, and neighborhood) types of participation are distinguished, the status transmission theory explains self-oriented but not community-oriented participation. Family socialization explains community-oriented but not self-oriented participation. Thus, theories of voluntarism must be differentiated according to the type of voluntary association concerned.

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