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Ronald Inglehart and Paul R. Abramson
The American Political Science Review
Vol. 93, No. 3 (Sep., 1999), pp. 665-677
Published by: American Political Science Association
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2585581
Page Count: 13
You can always find the topics here!Topics: Materialism, Unemployment, Economic inflation, Political science, Economic value, Factor analysis, Freedom of speech, Criminal battery, Prices, Social issues
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This article responds to two critiques of the value change thesis in this issue. Davis and Davenport claim that the four-item index developed by Inglehart is invalid because respondents' first and second choices are randomly related and that it fails to predict respondents' positions on theoretically relevant social issues. We maintain that they make unwarranted assumptions about how responses to ipsative items should be related and demonstrate that the value indicators are powerful predictors. Clarke et al. argue that the trend toward postmaterialism does not result from long-term generational change but simply reflects declining inflation and rising unemployment over the past quarter-century. We show that period effects, particularly inflation, influence observed values. But after controlling for inflation, there is still a substantial shift toward postmaterialism. Moreover, rising unemployment partly offsets the effect of falling inflation.
The American Political Science Review © 1999 American Political Science Association