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Crafting a Job: Revisioning Employees as Active Crafters of Their Work

Amy Wrzesniewski and Jane E. Dutton
The Academy of Management Review
Vol. 26, No. 2 (Apr., 2001), pp. 179-201
Published by: Academy of Management
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/259118
Page Count: 23
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Crafting a Job: Revisioning Employees as Active Crafters of Their Work
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Abstract

We propose that employees craft their jobs by changing cognitive, task, and/or relational boundaries to shape interactions and relationships with others at work. These altered task and relational configurations change the design and social environment of the job, which, in turn, alters work meanings and work identity. We offer a model of job crafting that specifies (1) the individual motivations that spark this activity, (2) how opportunities to job craft and how individual work orientations determine the forms job crafting takes, and (3) its likely individual and organizational effects.

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