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Measuring the Level, Pattern, and Sequence of Government Respect for Physical Integrity Rights

David L. Cingranelli and David L. Richards
International Studies Quarterly
Vol. 43, No. 2 (Jun., 1999), pp. 407-417
Published by: Wiley on behalf of The International Studies Association
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2600762
Page Count: 11
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Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
Measuring the Level, Pattern, and Sequence of Government Respect for Physical Integrity Rights
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Abstract

We employ a polychotomous version of Mokken Scaling Analysis to create an improved measure of government respect for a subset of human rights known as physical integrity rights. The scale we produce is shown to be unidimensional, and it contains information about the level, pattern, and sequence of government respect for these rights. No previous measure has explicitly addressed the issue of sequence of government respect for human rights. The sequence, or ordering, of respect for physical integrity rights that we find tells us which rights are more commonly respected (the rights not to be killed or disappeared) and which ones are more commonly violated (the rights not to be imprisoned arbitrarily or tortured). Our findings improve upon previous studies that have assumed unidimensionality and that have made a priori assertions of patterns of respect. They also stand in contrast to McCormick and Mitchell's (1997) claim that government respect for physical integrity rights is necessarily a multidimensional phenomenon.

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