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Rat Cells Infected with Anemia-Inducing Friend Leukemia Virus Contain Integrated Replication-Competent but not Defective Proviral Genomes
Eric H. Brown, Maria Zajac-Kaye, Beatriz G.-T. Pogo and Charlotte Friend
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Vol. 82, No. 17 (Sep. 1, 1985), pp. 5925-5929
Published by: National Academy of Sciences
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/26221
Page Count: 5
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The integrated proviral DNA in five murine cell lines transformed by the anemic strain of Friend leukemia virus (FLV-A) was examined by Southern hybridization to a cloned Friend virus (F-MuLV) probe. Kpn I fragments 9 kilobases (kb) and 5.7 kb long were observed for each cell line. However, the number of copies of each fragment in the cell genome varied according to the cell type. As compared to the adherent epithelioid cell lines, the anchorage-independent erythroleukemic cell lines contained more copies of the 5.7-kb fragment than of the 9-kb fragment, suggesting that the former may be biologically significant and perhaps related to the growth of erythroid cells. The presence of Kpn I fragments of the same sizes, albeit in fewer copies, in normal mouse spleen DNA made it difficult to distinguish exogenous virus from endogenous viral sequences. Therefore, rat 3Y1 cells, which contained no murine endogenous viruses, were infected with FLV-A stock virus prepared directly from the spleens of leukemic mice. Only the 9-kb Kpn I fragment, representing replication-competent Friend virus component, was detected in the infected rat cell DNA. No hybridization was observed to a 0.6-kb fragment of the spleen focus-forming virus env gene that is specific for xenotropic and dual-tropic mink cell focus-forming viruses. Since the virus synthesized by the infected rat cells was leukemogenic in adult mice, these data suggest that the wild-type FLV-A is replicative and fully pathogenic in the absence of other competent virus components.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America © 1985 National Academy of Sciences