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A Cost-Based Methodology for Stochastic Line Balancing with Intermittent Line Stoppages

Fred N. Silverman and John C. Carter
Management Science
Vol. 32, No. 4 (Apr., 1986), pp. 455-463
Published by: INFORMS
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2631579
Page Count: 9
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A Cost-Based Methodology for Stochastic Line Balancing with Intermittent Line Stoppages
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Abstract

This paper examines the effect of stochastic task times on the total operating costs of a continuously paced assembly line under the assumption that the line is stopped whenever at least one work station requires more time than allotted. A comprehensive stochastic cost function is integrated into an efficient balancing algorithm to enable an approximately minimum cost balance to be obtained. An experiment was conducted to determine the cost savings resulting from using the stochastic method as compared to two deterministic methods. The stochastic method of this paper produced lower cost balances in most cases studied.

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