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A Cost-Based Methodology for Stochastic Line Balancing with Intermittent Line Stoppages
Fred N. Silverman and John C. Carter
Vol. 32, No. 4 (Apr., 1986), pp. 455-463
Published by: INFORMS
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2631579
Page Count: 9
You can always find the topics here!Topics: Assembly lines, Cost functions, Operating costs, Heuristics, Total costs, Unit costs, Stochastic methods, Overtime, Work stations, Heuristic methods
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This paper examines the effect of stochastic task times on the total operating costs of a continuously paced assembly line under the assumption that the line is stopped whenever at least one work station requires more time than allotted. A comprehensive stochastic cost function is integrated into an efficient balancing algorithm to enable an approximately minimum cost balance to be obtained. An experiment was conducted to determine the cost savings resulting from using the stochastic method as compared to two deterministic methods. The stochastic method of this paper produced lower cost balances in most cases studied.
Management Science © 1986 INFORMS