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Periodic Review Production Models with Variable Capacity, Random Yield, and Uncertain Demand
Yunzeng Wang and Yigal Gerchak
Vol. 42, No. 1 (Jan., 1996), pp. 130-137
Published by: INFORMS
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2633021
Page Count: 8
You can always find the topics here!Topics: Production costs, Capital costs, Optimal policy, Cost functions, Minimization of cost, Yield, Carrying costs, Total costs, Production capacity, Objective functions
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We investigate a production planning problem in a periodic review environment with variable production capacity, random yields, and uncertain demand. The implications of random yields and variable capacity for lot sizing previously have been explored separately, but not jointly. Many production environments are likely to be subject to both types of uncertainties. To minimize the total discounted expected costs (production, holding, and shortage costs), we formulate the problem as a stochastic dynamic program. For the finite-horizon problem, we prove that the objective function is quasi-convex and that the structure of the optimal policy is characterized by a single critical point for the initial stock level at each period. That is, if the initial stock is greater than this critical point, the optimal planned production is zero; otherwise, it is greater than zero. Expressions for solving the critical point and the optimal planned production are obtained. We further show that the solution for the finite-horizon problem converges to that of the infinite-horizon problem.
Management Science © 1996 INFORMS