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Journal Article

Iceberg Epistemology

David Henderson and Terrence Horgan
Philosophy and Phenomenological Research
Vol. 61, No. 3 (Nov., 2000), pp. 497-535
DOI: 10.2307/2653611
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2653611
Page Count: 39
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Iceberg Epistemology
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Abstract

Accounts of what it is for an agent to be justified in holding a belief commonly carry commitments concerning what cognitive processes can and should be like. A concern for the plausibility of such commitments leads to a multi-faceted epistemology in which elements of traditionally conflicting epistemologies are vindicated within a single epistemological account. The accessible and articulable states that have been the exclusive focus of much epistemology must constitute only a proper subset of epistemologically relevant processing. The interaction of such states looks rather contextualist. It might also be called quasi-foundationalist. However, in attending to our epistemological tasks we must rely on processing that is sensitive to information that we could not articulate, that is not accessible in the standard internalist sense. When focusing on the full range of epistemologically important processes, the structure of what makes for justification is rather more like that envisioned by some coherentists.

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