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Patterns of Fruit and Seed Set within Inflorescences of Pancratium maritimum (Amaryllidaceae): Nonuniform Pollination, Resource Limitation, or Architectural Effects?
Monica Medrano, Pablo Guitian and Javier Guitian
American Journal of Botany
Vol. 87, No. 4 (Apr., 2000), pp. 493-501
Published by: Botanical Society of America, Inc.
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2656592
Page Count: 9
You can always find the topics here!Topics: Inflorescences, Fruits, Flowers, Fruit set, Plants, Seed set, Pollen, Botany, Pollination, Seed production
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We investigated patterns of fruit and seed production on inflorescences of a population of Pancratium maritimum in northwest Spain over a 2-yr period. Initial findings showed that the earliest opening flowers on an inflorescence are more likely to set fruit and produce more seeds than later opening flowers and that this pattern is maintained throughout the flowering season. Supplementary pollination and flower-removal experiments were performed to investigate whether the observed pattern is attributable (a) to variation in pollen receipt, (b) to sequestration of resources by the earliest flowers on an inflorescence, and/or (c) to "architectural" limitations on the fruit/seed production of later flowers. Supplementary pollination did not improve fruit or seed production by late flowers in either of the 2 yr of study. In flower-removal experiments, the remaining flowers showed improved fruit set and mean number of seeds per flower, by comparison with flowers in the same position on control inflorescences. When all flowers except the latest third were removed, these showed fruit set and seed production similar to those of early flowers on control inflorescences. These results strongly suggest that the observed within-inflorescence patterns of fruit and seed production in P. maritimum are mainly attributable to competition for resources (i.e., explanation b), though other adaptive explanations cannot be ruled out.
American Journal of Botany © 2000 Botanical Society of America, Inc.