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The Effects of Gap Size and Disturbance Type on Invasion of Wet Pine Savanna by Cogongrass, Imperata cylindrica (Poaceae)

Sharon E. King and James B. Grace
American Journal of Botany
Vol. 87, No. 9 (Sep., 2000), pp. 1279-1286
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2656721
Page Count: 8
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The Effects of Gap Size and Disturbance Type on Invasion of Wet Pine Savanna by Cogongrass, Imperata cylindrica (Poaceae)
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Abstract

Cogongrass is a nonindigenous species perceived to threaten native communities of the southeastern United States through modification of species composition and alteration of community processes. To examine how gap size and disturbance type influence the invasion of wet pine savannas by cogongrass, we performed three field experiments to evaluate the response of cogongrass seeds and transplanted seedlings to four different gap sizes, four types of site disturbance, and recent burning of savanna vegetation. Cogongrass germinated, survived, and grew in all gap sizes, from 0 to 100 cm in diameter. Similarly, disturbance type had no effect on germination or seedling and transplant survival. Tilling, however, significantly enhanced transplanted seedling growth, resulting in a tenfold increase in biomass over the other disturbance types. Seedling survival to 1 and 2 mo was greater in burned savanna than unburned savanna, although transplant survival and growth were not affected by burning. Results of this study suggest that cogongrass can germinate, survive, and grow in wet pine savanna communities regardless of gap size or type of disturbance, including burning. Burning of savanna vegetation may enhance establishment by improving early seedling survival, and soil disturbance can facilitate invasion of cogongrass by enhancing plant growth.

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