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How Much Does Childhood Poverty Affect the Life Chances of Children?
Greg J. Duncan, W. Jean Yeung, Jeanne Brooks-Gunn and Judith R. Smith
American Sociological Review
Vol. 63, No. 3 (Jun., 1998), pp. 406-423
Published by: American Sociological Association
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2657556
Page Count: 18
You can always find the topics here!Topics: Children, Childhood, Siblings, Poverty, Income estimates, Child development, Childbirth, Mothers, High schools, Standard error
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Why parental socioeconomic status correlates strongly with various measures of child and adult achievement is an important and controversial research question. After summarizing findings from recent contributions to this literature, we conduct two sets of analyses using data from the Panel Study of Income Dynamics. Completed schooling and nonmarital childbearing are related to parental income during early and middle childhood, as well as during adolescence. These analyses suggest that family economic conditions in early childhood have the greatest impact on achievement, especially among children in families with low incomes. Estimates from sibling models support the hypothesis that economic conditions in early childhood are important determinants of completed schooling.
American Sociological Review © 1998 American Sociological Association