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Dollarization and the Mexican Labor Market

George J. Borjas and Eric O'N. Fisher
Journal of Money, Credit and Banking
Vol. 33, No. 2, Part 2: Global Monetary Integration (May, 2001), pp. 626-647
DOI: 10.2307/2673920
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2673920
Page Count: 22
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Dollarization and the Mexican Labor Market
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Abstract

This paper examines how dollarization affects wages and employment in the Mexican labor market. Dollarization is modeled as a fixed real exchange rate and also as a potentially increased inflow of capital from abroad. The effects of dollarization depend upon whether adopting a fixed exchange rate reduces the rate of return on emigration and helps to attract foreign capital. The paper investigates how Mexican emigration to the United States responds to changes in bilateral economic conditions. The evidence indicates that the flow of illegal immigrants from Mexico into the United States is sensitive to economic conditions and is more volatile when the Mexican monetary authorities have fixed the exchange rate in the past. In contrast, the legal immigrant flow is not sensitive to changes in relative economic conditions.

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