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EVENTCHARTS: Visualizing Survival and Other Timed-Events Data

Anne I. Goldman
The American Statistician
Vol. 46, No. 1 (Feb., 1992), pp. 13-18
DOI: 10.2307/2684402
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2684402
Page Count: 6
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EVENTCHARTS: Visualizing Survival and Other Timed-Events Data
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Abstract

Kaplan-Meier graphs of survival and other timed events are an extremely effective way to summarize outcome data from some types of clinical studies, but information on dates and the interaction among events is lost. A new mode for presenting such data is proposed, an Eventchart, that aids in looking at the study as a whole by simultaneously displaying the timing of 2-3 different types of events, including censoring and time-dependent covariate events. The chart helps to monitor accrual and can be used to "guesstimate" the amount of information resulting from additional enrollment and/or follow-up. Eventcharts are designed to supplement, not replace, quantitative methods of analysis or conventional survival graphs. Data from bone marrow transplantation and AIDS studies are used to illustrate the method. Terminology is suggested for describing the concepts and distinguishing among the complex of events studied in modern clinical trials, including timed events, loss and date censoring, and time-braided events.

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