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Violin Plots: A Box Plot-Density Trace Synergism

Jerry L. Hintze and Ray D. Nelson
The American Statistician
Vol. 52, No. 2 (May, 1998), pp. 181-184
DOI: 10.2307/2685478
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2685478
Page Count: 4
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Abstract

Many modifications build on Tukey's original box plot. A proposed further adaptation, the violin plot, pools the best statistical features of alternative graphical representations of batches of data. It adds the information available from local density estimates to the basic summary statistics inherent in box plots. This marriage of summary statistics and density shape into a single plot provides a useful tool for data analysis and exploration.

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