Access

You are not currently logged in.

Access your personal account or get JSTOR access through your library or other institution:

login

Log in to your personal account or through your institution.

If you need an accessible version of this item please contact JSTOR User Support

Solutrean Settlement of North America? A Review of Reality

Lawrence Guy Straus
American Antiquity
Vol. 65, No. 2 (Apr., 2000), pp. 219-226
DOI: 10.2307/2694056
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2694056
Page Count: 8
  • Read Online (Free)
  • Download ($9.95)
  • Cite this Item
If you need an accessible version of this item please contact JSTOR User Support
Solutrean Settlement of North America? A Review of Reality
Preview not available

Abstract

The Solutrean techno-complex of southern France and the Iberian Peninsula is an impossible candidate as the "source" for either pre-Clovis or Clovis traditions in North America. Primarily this is because the Solutrean ended ca. 16,500-18,000 B.P. (at least 5,000 years before Clovis appeared) and was separated from the U.S. eastern seaboard by 5,000 km of ocean. In addition, there are major differences between the Solutrean and Clovis (and even more between it and "pre-Clovis") in terms of the composition of lithic and osseous technologies and with regard to evidence of artistic activity. Nor is there any evidence that Solutrean people had navigation, deep-sea fishing, or marine mammal hunting capacities which could have made a transatlantic crossing even conceivable. Furthermore, there is no evidence that people lived above about 48⚬ N latitude in western Europe during the Last Glacial Maximum, making a "jumping-off" point from the (then largely glaciated) area of the current British Isles unlikely. The peopling of the Americas, even if the result of several "migrations," was from Asia.

Page Thumbnails

  • Thumbnail: Page 
219
    219
  • Thumbnail: Page 
220
    220
  • Thumbnail: Page 
221
    221
  • Thumbnail: Page 
222
    222
  • Thumbnail: Page 
223
    223
  • Thumbnail: Page 
224
    224
  • Thumbnail: Page 
225
    225
  • Thumbnail: Page 
226
    226