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Production and Consumption in a Sacred Economy: The Material Correlates of High Devotional Expression at Chaco Canyon
Vol. 66, No. 1 (Jan., 2001), pp. 14-25
Published by: Society for American Archaeology
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2694314
Page Count: 12
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The role of production, exchange, and consumption in Chaco Canyon can be analyzed successfully only when the system as a whole is considered. A cognitive-processual approach is used here to develop a model of Chaco as an essentially egalitarian society, centered on the Canyon as a Location of High Devotional Expression. The production and consumption of goods is understood in the context of an ideational/devotional significance of the great houses and great kivas of Chaco and of periodic visits made to them for devotional purposes (i.e., pilgrimages). Consideration is given to the structure of regional pilgrimages and the function of the multiple great houses in Chaco Canyon. This model is compared with two others: Chaco as a secondary trading center and Chaco as an elite power base. Production and consumption in both sacred and profane contexts are examined in order to distinguish among the three models.
American Antiquity © 2001 Society for American Archaeology