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Social Integration and the Classic Maya
William A. Haviland
Vol. 31, No. 5, Part 1 (Jul., 1966), pp. 625-631
Published by: Society for American Archaeology
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2694487
Page Count: 7
You can always find the topics here!Topics: Mayan culture, Population estimates, Social integration, Priests, Peasant class, Religious rituals, Population size, Settlement patterns, Architecture, Paleoanthropology
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In recent years, there has been much interest in the use of ethnographic data derived from modern Maya groups for the interpretation of Classic Maya civilization. It has been suggested by some that civil and religious positions in Classic Maya society were filled by a system of rotation such as exists today among some Maya groups. Such a system would have served as a powerful force for the integration of both priest and peasant in Classic Maya society. This proposition is examined here in the light of recent data which show a relation between such existing "cargo" systems and population size. On the basis of settlement data from Tikal, Guatemala, it is concluded that such a system of rotation would not have been an effective force for social integration at large sites of the Classic period, and that other possible factors must be considered in this respect.
American Antiquity © 1966 Society for American Archaeology