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India and Pakistan: Nuclear Rivals in South Asia
Vol. 35, No. 1, Nuclear Proliferation: Breaking the Chain (Winter, 1981), pp. 165-179
Published by: University of Wisconsin Press
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2706560
Page Count: 15
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The new international nuclear regime requires accession to fullscope safeguards and an acceptance of the formal restraints imposed by the London Nuclear Suppliers Group on the worldwide availability of sensitive nuclear technology, materials, and equipment. The underside of the nuclear market, however, consists of surreptitious transfers by suppliers to special recipient states. Pakistan has capitalized on the existence of such a market to acquire the means to make nuclear weapons. Though South Asia is likely to be the first region outside of the central strategic system to harbor nuclear-armed national rivals, the situation is manageable through the imposition of innovative institutionalized constraints on the region. Neutrally conceived, these constraints can be adapted for other regions facing nuclearization. In the long run, the imbalance of capabilities between India and Pakistan will manifest itself in the nuclear field as it has in others.
International Organization © 1981 International Organization Foundation