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The Measurement of Values in Surveys: A Comparison of Ratings and Rankings

Duane F. Alwin and Jon A. Krosnick
The Public Opinion Quarterly
Vol. 49, No. 4 (Winter, 1985), pp. 535-552
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2748921
Page Count: 18
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The Measurement of Values in Surveys: A Comparison of Ratings and Rankings
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Abstract

Social values are most commonly measured using ranking techniques, but there is a scarcity of systematic comparisons between rankings and other approaches to measuring values in survey research. On the basis of data from the 1980 General Social Survey, this article evaluates the comparability of results obtained using rankings and ratings of valued qualities. The comparison focuses on (1) the ordering of aggregate value preferences and (2) the measurement of individual differences in latent value preferences. The two methods are judged to be similar with respect to ordering the aggregate preferences of the sample, but dissimilar with regard to the latent variable structure underlying the measures.

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