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A Life Satisfaction Measure Based on Judgment Theory

H. L. Meadow, J. T. Mentzer, D. R. Rahtz and M. J. Sirgy
Social Indicators Research
Vol. 26, No. 1 (Feb., 1992), pp. 23-59
Published by: Springer
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/27520906
Page Count: 37
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A Life Satisfaction Measure Based on Judgment Theory
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Abstract

A life satisfaction measure is developed in this paper drawn from a judgment-type theory. This measure is based on the theoretical notion of life satisfaction being a function of a comparison between perceived life accomplishments and a set of evoked standards. These standards are classified as to their derivative sources (e.g., the life accomplishments of relatives, friends, associates, past experience, self-concept of strengths and weaknesses, and average person in a similar position) and different forms (e.g., standards based on ideal, expected, deserved, minimum tolerable, and predicted outcomes). Two studies were conducted on the elderly to ascertain the reliability and validity of the life satisfaction measure. The measure was found to be internally consistent and possessing construct validity correlations through high and positive correlations with the Delighted-Terrible Life Satisfaction Scale; through significant and positive correlations with cognitive age, income, employment, education, marital status, social contact, activity, religiosity, morale, television viewership, and self-rated health; and through nonsignificant correlations with chronological age, gender, and parenthood.

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