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Risk Taking and Test Wiseness of Chinese Students by Grade Level and Residence Area

Tieh-Hsiung Wu and Malcolm J. Slakter
The Journal of Educational Research
Vol. 71, No. 3 (Jan. - Feb., 1978), pp. 167-170
Published by: Taylor & Francis, Ltd.
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/27537102
Page Count: 4
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Risk Taking and Test Wiseness of Chinese Students by Grade Level and Residence Area
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Abstract

One hundred eighty-three Chinese students of grades five, eight, and 11 from urban schools and 153 students from rural schools took risk-taking and test-wiseness tests. The K-R 20 reliabilities of the risk measure ranged from .46 to .87 and were approximately the same magnitudes as those reported for comparable American samples. The grade by residence-areas interaction and the simple effects of grade were significant. The residence simple effects only related to risk taking for grade eight. Chinese and American students had the same mean risk score but with opposite direction. The K-R 20 values for the four TW subscales were low. An interaction was found for the grade by residence multivariate analysis of variance. Additional multivariate simple effect tests indicated there were relationships between grade and TW, and residence (grades eight and 11 only) and TW. Chinese students were consistently lower on mean TW than their American counterparts.

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