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A Measure of Teacher Locus of Control

Wayne R. Maes and Darrell E. Anderson
The Journal of Educational Research
Vol. 79, No. 1 (Sep. - Oct., 1985), pp. 27-32
Published by: Taylor & Francis, Ltd.
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/27540163
Page Count: 6
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A Measure of Teacher Locus of Control
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Abstract

This research was designed to construct an instrument, the Teacher Role Survey, to measure teachers' expectancies for internal or external control of important aspects of the work of teaching. Items were composed for initial trial based on 14 areas which past research has shown to be important satisfiers in teaching. The 75 items in the initial pool were administered to 321 teachers of varied teaching levels and years of experience who were enrolled in graduate courses in education. The Marlowe-Crowne Social Desirability Scale was administered as a measure of the influence of a generalized attitude of social desirability on item responding. Correlations of individual items with social desirability clustered around zero. Therefore, no items were eliminated because of susceptibility to the influence of social desirability. Based on the correlation with total score, 32 items were selected for inclusion in the final form of the Teacher Role Survey. Of the seven major logically construed categories originally thought to hold potential as subtests, four categories were represented by four or more items in the final set of 32. The final 32 items were submitted to a factor analysis. Four interpretable factors emerged, three of which manifested very high item congruence with three of the logically construed satisfier categories which appeared in the final form. The scale demonstrates sufficient internal consistency, retest reliability, and factoral validity to suggest promise for further use.

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