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Effects of Neighborhood Socioeconomic Characteristics and Class Composition on Highly Competent Children
Stefania Maggi, Clyde Hertzman, Dafina Kohen and Amedeo D'Angiulli
The Journal of Educational Research
Vol. 98, No. 2 (Nov. - Dec., 2004), pp. 109-114
Published by: Taylor & Francis, Ltd.
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/27548065
Page Count: 6
You can always find the topics here!Topics: Children, Neighborhoods, Child development, Socioeconomics, Youths at risk, Elementary school students, Neighborhood schools, Kindergarten education, Numeracy, Classrooms
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The conditions that prevent highly competent children from fully developing their learning potential rarely have been addressed. The authors investigated the relationship between neighborhood socioeconomic characteristics, class composition, and changes in the proportion of highly competent children in kindergarten and in Grades 4 and 7. The authors used cross-sectional data from 78 Vancouver, British Columbia, schools to conduct a series of multiple-regression analyses. Results show that the proportion of highly competent kindergarten children was correlated weakly with neighborhood socioeconomic status. In contrast, in Grades 4 and 7, the proportion of highly competent kindergarten children was correlated strongly with neighborhood socioeconomic factors. In addition, the proportion of children at risk was strongly and increasingly correlated with the proportion of highly competent children in kindergarten and in Grades 4 and 7.
The Journal of Educational Research © 2004 Taylor & Francis, Ltd.