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"The Law": The "Protective Return" Pocket Veto: Presidential Aggrandizement of Constitutional Power
Robert J. Spitzer
Presidential Studies Quarterly
Vol. 31, No. 4 (Dec., 2001), pp. 720-732
Published by: Wiley on behalf of the Center for the Study of the Presidency and Congress
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/27552349
Page Count: 13
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This article discusses the all-but-unknown practice of recent presidents to exercise a so-called "protective return" veto, whereby presidents simultaneously exercise both a return veto and a pocket veto for individual bills. Defended by recent administrations as a defense of the existing pocket veto power, this article argues that it is in fact an attempt to create a practical absolute veto, a power rejected by the Constitution's founders. Veto history and evolution are examined to explain and analyze this effort to redefine the president's constitutional veto authority.
Presidential Studies Quarterly © 2001 Center for the Study of the Presidency and Congress