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Stratégies d'expropriation et haussmannisation: l'exemple de Montpellier
Annales. Histoire, Sciences Sociales
35e Année, No. 5 (Sep. - Oct., 1980), pp. 1011-1025
Published by: EHESS
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/27581135
Page Count: 15
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The great "Haussmannian" schemes in Paris and the provinces called for new kinds of legal instruments, capable of expanding the scope of the traditional procedures for expropriation in the name of the public interest. It soon became clear that the right to expropriate, which had been regarded primarily as a means of protecting property rights, would have to be superseded by town planning rights, seen as a means of furthering the "general interest". In Montpellier, in 1863-1864, the modernist ruling group, which was predominantly protestant, sought to push to its logical conclusion a body of law conceived in the first place for Paris, as also the Haussmannian approach itself. Their purpose was to adapt the national (Parisian) town planning model and to revive the ancient town centre. The scheme ended in semi-failure, partly because people were ill-prepared to countenance the implied outrage against "sacred property rights". And yet more or less all over Europe, and in Italy especially, similar legislation was beginning to enter the statute books...
Annales. Histoire, Sciences Sociales © 1980 EHESS