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Le monde comme représentation

Roger Chartier
Annales. Histoire, Sciences Sociales
44e Année, No. 6 (Nov. - Dec., 1989), pp. 1505-1520
Published by: EHESS
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/27582709
Page Count: 16
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Le monde comme représentation
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Abstract

This article first examines historians' responses to the two challenges successively made to their discipline: that by the victorious social sciences in the 1960's, and that by a return to the political realm, based on the present (late 1980's) philosophy of the subject. After characterizing the changes in historical work (abandoning in its practice the project of a global history, the territorial definition of objects of research and the primacy of social classifications), this article puts forward three proposals, based on a particular field of research that crosses the study of texts, the history of the printed work, and the analysis of practices: (1) to place the notion of "representation" at the center of a re-evaluation of the relationship between social structures and cultural practices, (2) to detect the most socially rooted gaps in the most formal apparati whether textual or material, and (3) to relate the production of works and the organization of practices to forms of the exercice of power.

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