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Pour une typologie des formes d'organisation domestique de l'Europe moderne (XVIe-XIXe siècles)

André Burguière
Annales. Histoire, Sciences Sociales
41e Année, No. 3 (May - Jun., 1986), pp. 639-655
Published by: EHESS
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/27583318
Page Count: 17
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Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
Pour une typologie des formes d'organisation domestique de l'Europe moderne (XVIe-XIXe siècles)
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Abstract

If the family model is defined as a coherent system linking size and structure of households, domestic cycle profile, and family organization principles (authority distribution, rules of succession, etc.), severals models of Modern European families (16th to 19th centuries) can be distinguished. H. Hajnal isolates two such models, while P. Laslett isolates four of them. The present study reutilizes Le Play's typology in a new way. Three family models co-existed in France and in Europe as a whole: (1) the nuclear family based on late and "neo-local" marriage, the circulation of "placed" children, (2) the stem family based on a permanent household of business, the parents cohabiting with the chosen heir, and (3) the multiple family which controlled the mobilization of substantial family labor power in a business concern whose revenues were directly generated by unpaid work.

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